welcome Netizen

Share Your Knowledge.It is a way to achieve immortality

Sunday, July 21, 2013

ASP.Net Interview Questions Part 6

Globalization -

What is Globalization? 
Globalization is the process of creating an application that meets the needs of users from multiple cultures. This process involves translating the user interface elements of an application into multiple languages, using the correct currency, date and time format, calendar, writing direction, sorting rules, and other issues. Accommodating these cultural differences in an application is called localization.

The Microsoft .NET Framework simplifies localization tasks substantially by making its formatting, date/time, sorting, and other classes culturally aware. Using classes from the System.Globalization namespace, you can set the application’s current culture, and much of the work is done automatically!

What are the 3 different ways to globalize web applications?

Detect and redirect approach :
 In this approach we create a separate Web application for each supported culture, and then detect the user’s culture and redirect the request to the appropriate application. This approach is best for applications with lots of text content that requires translation and few executable components.

Run-time adjustment approach : In this approach we create a single Web application that detects the user’s culture and adjusts output at run time using format specifiers and other tools. This approach is best for simple applications that present limited amounts of content.

Satellite assemblies approach : In this approach we create a single Web application that stores culture-dependent strings in resource files that are compiled into satellite assemblies. At run time, detect the user’s culture and load strings from the appropriate assembly. This approach is best for applications that generate content at run time or that have large executable components.

In ASP.NET, how do you detect the user's language preference on his/her computer? 
Use the Request object’s UserLanguages property to return a list of the user’s language preferences. The first element of the array returned by UserLanguages is the user’s current language on his/her computer.

What are the steps to follow to get user's culture at run time?
To get the user’s culture at run time, follow these steps:
1. Get the Request object’s UserLanguages property.
2. Use the returned value with the CultureInfo class to create an object representing the user’s current culture.

For example, the following code gets the user’s culture and displays the English name and the abbreviated name of the culture in a label the first time the page is displayed:
private void Page_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
// Run the first time the page is displayed
if (!IsPostBack)
// Get the user's preferred language.
string sLang = Request.UserLanguages[0];
// Create a CultureInfo object from it.
CultureInfo CurrentCulture = new CultureInfo(sLang);
lblCulture.Text = CurrentCulture.EnglishName + ": " +

What are the advantages of using detect and redirect approach to globalizing web applications? 
1. Content is maintained separately, so this approach allows the different applications to present very different information, if needed.
2. Users can be automatically directed to sites that are likely to be geographically close, and so can better meet their needs.
3. Content files (Web forms and HTML pages, for example) can be authored in the appropriate natural language without the complexity of including resource strings.

What are the disadvantages of using detect and redirect approach to globalizing web applications? 
1. Using this approach requires that the executable portion of the Web application be compiled and deployed separately to each culture-specific Web site.
2. This approach requires more effort to maintain consistency and to debug problems across Web sites.

What is the use of culture attribute of the globalization element in web.config?
The Web.config file’s globalization element is used to create a culture-specific Web application. The culture attribute of the globalization element specifies how the Web application deals with various culture-dependent issues, such as dates, currency, and number formatting.

Web.config globalization settings in subordinate folders override the globalization settings in the application’s root Web.config file. You can store content for various cultures in subfolders within your application, add Web.config files with the globalization settings for each culture, then direct users to the appropriate folder based on the user’s CurrentCulture.

The text on the webform is usually written from left to right. How do you change the writing direction to "right to left"? 
The wrting direction of a webform can be changed using the HTML dir attribute as shown below.

You can use the dir attribute individually in panels, text boxes, or other controls as well. Setting the dir attribute on the body element applies right-to-left formatting to the entire page.

What do you mean by neutral cultures?
Neutral cultures represent general languages, such as English or Spanish, rather than a specific language and region. When you set the culture attribute for a Web application in Web.config, ASP.NET assigns that culture to all the threads running for that Web application. Threads are the basic unit to which the server allocates processor time. ASP.NET maintains multiple threads for a Web application within the aspnet_wp.exe worker process.

What are advantages of setting the culture dynamically at the thread level over creating separate Web applications for each culture? 
1. All cultures share the same application code, so the application doesn’t have to be compiled and deployed for each culture.
2. The application resides at a single Web address, you don’t need to redirect users to other Web applications.
3. The user can choose from a full array of available cultures.

For what type of web applications setting the culture dynamically is best suited?
Setting the culture dynamically is best suited for simple Web applications that don’t contain large amounts of text that must be translated into different languages.


What is a DataSet?
DataSet is an in-memory cache of data.

In which namespace is the DataSet class present? 

Can you add more than one table to a dataset?

Can you enforce constarints and relations on tables inside a DataSet?
Yes, the DataSet consists of a collection of DataTable objects that you can relate to each other with DataRelation objects. You can also enforce data integrity in the DataSet by using the UniqueConstraint and ForeignKeyConstraint objects.

What happens when you invoke AcceptChanges() method on a DataSet? 
Invoking AcceptChanges() method on the DataSet causes AcceptChanges() method to be called on each table within the DataSet.

Both the DataRow and DataTable classes also have AcceptChanges() methods. Calling AcceptChanges() at the DataTable level causes the AcceptChanges method for each DataRow to be called.

When you call AcceptChanges on the DataSet, any DataRow objects still in edit-mode end their edits successfully. The RowState property of each DataRow also changes. Added and Modified rows become Unchanged, and Deleted rows are removed.

If the DataSet contains ForeignKeyConstraint objects, invoking the AcceptChanges method also causes the AcceptRejectRule to be enforced.

Is there a way to clear all the rows from all the tables in a DataSet at once?
Yes, use the DataSet.Clear() method to clear all the rows from all the tables in a DataSet at once.

What is the difference between DataSet.Copy() and DataSet.Clone()? 
DataSet.Clone() copies the structure of the DataSet, including all DataTable schemas, relations, and constraints. Does not copy any data.

DataSet.Copy() copies both the structure and data.

How do you get a copy of the DataSet containing all changes made to it since it was last loaded? 
Use DataSet.GetChanges() method

What is the use of DataSet.HasChanges() Method? 
DataSet.HasChanges method returns a boolean true if there are any changes made to the DataSet, including new, deleted, or modified rows. This method can be used to update a DataSource only if there are any changes.

How do you roll back all the changes made to a DataSet since it was created? Invoke the DataSet.RejectChanges() method to undo or roll back all the changes made to a DataSet since it was created.

What happnes when you invoke RejectChanges method, on a DataSet that contains 3 tables in it? 
RejectChanges() method will be automatically invoked on all the 3 tables in the dataset and any changes that were done will be rolled back for all the 3 tables.

When the DataTable.RejectChanges method is called, any rows that are still in edit-mode cancel their edits. New rows are removed. Modified and deleted rows return back to their original state. The DataRowState for all the modified and deleted rows will be flipped back to unchanged.

What is the DataSet.CaseSensitive property used for? 
When you set the CaseSensitive property of a DataSet to true, string comparisons for all the DataTables within dataset will be case sensitive. By default the CaseSensitive property is false


Post a Comment